Kalākaua I, King of Hawaii — born as David Laʻamea Kamanakapuʻu Mahinulani Nalaiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua and called The Merrie Monarch (November 12, 1836 - January 20, 1891) — was the last reigning king of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. He served his office from February 12, 1874 until his death in San Francisco, California, on January 20, 1891.
Kalākaua also built ʻIolani Palace, the only royal palace that exists on American soil today, at a cost of $350,000—an unheard of sum at the time. Many of the furnishings in the palace were ordered by Kalākaua while he was in Europe. King Kalākaua is said to have wanted to build a Polynesian Empire. In 1886, legislature granted the government $30,000 for the formation of a Polynesian confederation. The King sent representatives to Sāmoa, where Malietoa Laupepa agreed to a confederation between the two kingdoms. This confederation did not last very long, however, since King Kalākaua lost power the next year to the Bayonet Constitution, and thus a reformist party came into power that ended the alliance.
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